By Wesley Vaughn
When adjustable beds became available for home use, they were commonly called “hospital beds.” This was only natural, since until that time adjustable beds were primarily used in hospitals.
The first adjustable beds were beds with adjustable side rails, first used in English hospitals in the early 1800s. Then beds could be tilted with either the foot high (Trendelenburg position) or the head high (anti-Trendelenburg). In 1874 the first articulated bed was patented by Andrew Wurst & Son, a Cincinnati mattress manufacturer. This bed was hinged in the middle so the head could be raised. Then the 3-part hospital bed was developed at the Indiana University School of Medicine in the early 1900s.
Up to this time, all beds were adjusted manually. At first, the elevated part was lifted by hand and fixed in place. Later, they were adjusted with cranks and gears. Then motors were added for lifting and lowering the bed and tilting its sections. In 1945 a motorized hospital bed with push-button controls was patented.
Care of patients was the original reason for adjustable beds. Side rails were for safety, as well as an aid for a patient trying to sit up. The Trendelenburg position was for abdominal surgery. Raising the head and torso to a sitting position eased stress on the abdomen. More available positions meant better positions for the patient’s health and comfort. And raising or lowering the bed as a whole made caring for patients easier.
The first adjustable beds sold for home use were hospital beds, intended for home care of patients. For some people, this was the only way they could be at home. My grandfather spent the last couple of years of his life at home in a hospital bed after suffering massive strokes.
In 1974, 100 years after the invention of the articulated bed, Craftmatic began selling adjustable beds designed specifically for home use. These were not hospital beds, but were designed to be used for one’s health. Customers bought them not only for their backs and necks and for better breathing, but also for comfort. My parents had a Craftmatic bed.
Following this, a number of manufacturers began making and marketing adjustable beds for the home. Some were already producing hospital beds. Some started with the home market. Now there are at least a dozen manufacturers of home use adjustable beds. Among the leading producers are Craftmatic, Customatic, Leggett & Platt, Reverie, and Ergomotion.
Beyond health and comfort, manufacturers and retailers are now marketing adjustable beds for convenience and lifestyle. Even the term is often changed to adjustable “base” or “foundation.” They can be used for more than sleeping or therapy. “Your bedroom is now your den,” they say. “The positions of the bed make it suitable for reading, watching TV, writing, working on your laptop or tablet, or just visiting.” The sides of many adjustable bases have pockets for various items, outlets for your devices, USB ports, under-the-bed night lights, etc. And style—today’s adjustable foundations are upholstered to match the mattress and/or coördinate with the room décor.
As the market for adjustable beds/bases/foundations has increased, so has the number of features. Many models now have massage functions, operating in pulses, waves or combinations. Some have heaters. Remote control handsets were wired at first. Some still are, but now most are wireless, many programmable. The newest remotes are digital, even wi-fi and Bluetooth capable, controlling room functions such as lights and fans. With available apps, users can control their adjustables from their smart phones or tablets.
The bottom line is that adjustable beds are still beds. That is their primary function, however they are otherwise used or marketed. So when you consider buying an adjustable foundation for your new mattress (or a complete adjustable bed), first look at how it functions as a bed. Will the positions help me sleep? Would this really help with my back? My asthma? My acid reflux? What are the safety features? And, of course, the multi-thousand-dollar question: Is this worth the cost? If with these features you will really be adjusting for health and comfort, and you can afford the price, it may be.
Select Adjustable Bed Manufacturers
(Ones reviewed on Beds colored blue)
Flex-A-Bed – http://www.flexabed.com/
Reverie (Ascion) – http://www.reverie.com/
Leggett and Platt – http://www.lpadjustablebeds.com/
Mantua (Rize) – http://bedframes.com/rize
Ergomotion – http://www.ergomotion.com/
Craftmatic – http://www.craftmatic.com/
Tempur-Ergo [designed by Tempur-Pedic] – http://www.tempurpedic.com/tempur-ergo-adjustable-bases/tempur-ergo-adjustable-bases.asp
Electropedic – http://www.electropedicbeds.com/
Customatic – http://www.customaticbeds.com/
Christeli – http://www.christeli.com/adjustable-beds
Sleep Science – http://www.southbayinternational.com/index.php
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